Canada is experiencing a scarcity of truck drivers resulting from pandemic layoffs and an getting old workforce.
Final week Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) launched the NOC 2023 and made 16 new occupations professions eligible for Categorical Entry. Truck driving is amongst them resulting from vital labour shortages throughout the sector. NOC 2023 is a revision of Canada’s Nationwide Occupation Classification (NOC) system.
A scarcity of truck drivers
The trade is dealing with an acute scarcity of expert employees resulting from a number of components together with layoffs through the COVID-19 pandemic, in addition to a excessive charge of retirement. Based on the 2023 Labour Market Snapshot of Trucking HR Canada, there have been 18,000 vacant positions within the truck driving sector in Canada within the second quarter of 2023.
Truck driving is a crucial element of Canada’s provide chain and has a heavy impression on the nationwide financial system when there are disruptions and labour shortages.
The report says that in Canada, the trucking and logistics trade strikes over $850 billion in merchandise to home and export markets. Even earlier than the onset of the worldwide pandemic, the Forest Merchandise Affiliation of Canada estimated that the truck driver scarcity was costing the trade roughly $450 million in misplaced productiveness.
Coming to Canada by Categorical Entry
Categorical Entry applications are essentially the most distinguished immigration pathways for expert employees. It’s an utility administration system that works with three financial immigration applications: the Federal Expert Employee Program (FSWP), the Canadian Expertise Class (CEC), and the Federal Expert Trades Program (FSTP), to expedite the processing of everlasting residence purposes for expert employees.
How does an NOC have an effect on an Categorical Entry utility?
The NOC permits IRCC to know what a person’s occupation is, and the extent of talent or expertise required. The NOC 2016 positioned emphasis on if the function was NOC 0, A or B (managerial to expert trades). The NOC 2023 has as an alternative launched a system based mostly on a candidate’s coaching, training, expertise, and obligations (TEER).
Making use of for Categorical Entry
To start, a possible candidate should self-evaluate if they’re eligible for an Categorical Entry program.
They need to then full a language evaluation and acquire any essential Schooling Credential Assessments. As soon as these have been accomplished, the following step is to add a profile onto the IRCC web site and look ahead to a choice. Categorical Entry makes use of a points-based system, the Complete Rating System (CRS), to rank candidates’ profiles. Your profile might be assigned a rating and ranked alongside all different candidates within the pool.
The highest-scoring candidates obtain an Invitation to Apply (ITA) and might then apply for everlasting residency. When a candidate receives an ITA, they’ve 60 days to ship a finalized utility to IRCC.
IRCC tries to course of 80% of all Categorical Entry purposes inside six months after receiving the ultimate utility.
Federal Expert Employee Program
The FSWP is the preferred program beneath Categorical Entry for candidates making use of from overseas. It’s designed for expert employees who meet sure necessities in language, work expertise, and training gained overseas.
The minimal necessities are one yr of labor expertise, a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) rating of seven, proof of funds, and proof of training. You additionally must get not less than 67/100 on the FSWP factors grid.
Canadian Expertise Class
The CEC is particularly for individuals who have not less than one yr of expert work expertise in Canada, gained throughout the previous three years.
They need to additionally meet a minimal CLB of 5 (“preliminary intermediate”) for NOC TEER class 2 or 3 jobs or CLB 7 (“sufficient intermediate proficiency”), for NOC TEER class 0 or 1 jobs.
Adjustments coming to Categorical Entry
Final yr, Invoice C-19 obtained Royal Assent in Canada’s parliament. The brand new invoice offers IRCC the authority to ask Categorical Entry candidates based mostly on particular person components reminiscent of their language talents or work expertise to raised fill the almost a million job vacancies in Canada. The method for a way these teams could be recognized and chosen has not but been finalized.